Panasonic G7 has a 16.0MP Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm ) sized CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Sigma fp has a 25.0MP Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor .
Sigma fp's sensor provides 9MP more than Panasonic G7's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the G7 and fp sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Sigma fp has a 3.8x Larger sensor area than Panasonic G7. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.