Both Casio EX-H10 and Canon G16 have 12.0 MP resolution sensors but Casio EX-H10's sensor is 1/2.3-inch (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) and Canon G16's sensor is 1/1.7-inch (7.44 x 5.58 mm ).
Since Canon G16's has a larger sensor area with the same resolution, this means that it also has a larger pixel area hence better light collecting capacity for a given aperture compared to Casio EX-H10.
Below you can see the EX-H10 and G16 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Canon G16 has a 1.5x Larger sensor area than Casio EX-H10. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.