Nikon D7000 has a 16.0MP APS-C (23.6 x 15.7 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Expeed 2 processor. On the other hand, Nikon S30 has a 10.0MP 1/3-inch (4.8 x 3.6 mm ) sized CCD sensor .
Nikon D7000's sensor provides 6MP more than Nikon S30's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the D7000 and S30 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Nikon D7000 has a 21.4x Larger sensor area than Nikon S30. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.