Casio EX-FC100 has a 9.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Samsung Galaxy Camera has a 16.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features 1.4GHz Quad-Core processor.
Samsung Galaxy Camera's sensor provides 7MP more than Casio EX-FC100's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the EX-FC100 and Galaxy Camera sensor size comparison.
Casio EX-FC100 and Samsung Galaxy Camera have sensor sizes so they will provide same level of control over the depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture.