The type of photography that you are planning to use is an important decision factor. Here we have evaluated the Canon 17-40mm f4.0L USM and the Canon 16-35mm f2.8L USM for their suitability to various photography scenarios:
Size and Weight Comparison
The size of a lens is an important deciding factor when comparing two lenses. Canon 16-35mm f2.8L USM is the longer of the two lenses at 103mm. The Canon 17-40mm f4.0L USM with a length of 97mm, is 6mm shorter. On the other hand, there is no difference between the max diameters of these lenses, both coming at 84mm.
The weight of a lens is as important as its external dimensions, especially if you are planning to hand hold your camera and lens combination for longer periods. Canon 17-40mm f4.0L USM weighs 500g, which means it is 100g (16%) lighter than the Canon 16-35mm f2.8L USM which has a weight of 600g.
Below you can find the dimension and weight table of the Wideangle Zoom Lenses in Canon EF Mount for size comparison purposes.
Wideangle Zoom Lenses in Canon EF Mount for Size Comparison
Both the Canon 17-40mm f4.0L USM and the Canon 16-35mm f2.8L USM has the same Canon EF lens mount. Some of the latest released cameras that are compatible with the Canon EF lenses are Canon 1D X III, Canon 6D MII and Canon 5D MIV.
Canon 17-40mm f4.0L USM has a focal range of 17-40mm and 2.4X zoom ratio . When it is mounted on an APS-C sensor camera with 1.6x crop, it provides a 35mm (FF) equivalent of 27.2 - 64mm.
Canon 16-35mm f2.8L USM has a focal range of 16-35mm and 2.2X zoom ratio . When it is mounted on an APS-C sensor camera with 1.6x crop, it provides a 35mm (FF) equivalent of 25.6 - 56mm.