Sony W830 has a 20.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CCD sensor and features Bionz processor. On the other hand, Panasonic FP3 has a 14.0MP 1/2.33" (6.08 x 4.56 mm ) sized CCD sensor and features Venus Engine IV processor. Sony W830's sensor provides 6MP more than Panasonic FP3's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the W830 and FP3 sensor size comparison.
Sony W830 and Panasonic FP3 have almost the same sensor size so none of them has any significant advantage over other in providing control over depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture.