Both Sony W230 and Casio EX-100 have 12.0 MP resolution sensors but Sony W230's sensor is 1/2.3-inch (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) and Casio EX-100's sensor is 1/1.7-inch (7.44 x 5.58 mm ).
Since Casio EX-100's has a larger sensor area with the same resolution, this means that it also has a larger pixel area hence better light collecting capacity for a given aperture compared to Sony W230.
Below you can see the W230 and EX-100 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Casio EX-100 has a 1.5x Larger sensor area than Sony W230. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.