Sony RX100 VII has a 20.0MP 1" (13.2 x 8.8 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features Bionz X processor. On the other hand, Canon R has a 30.0MP Full frame (36 x 24 mm ) sized CMOS sensor .
Canon R's sensor provides 10MP more than Sony RX100 VII's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the RX100 VII and EOS R sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Canon R has a 7.4x Larger sensor area than Sony RX100 VII. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.
DxOMark Sensor Scores
DxOMark is a benchmark that scientifically assesses image quality of camera sensors. It scores camera sensors for color depth (DXO Portrait), dynamic range (DXO Landscape) and low-light sensitivity (DXO Sports), and also gives them an overall score. Sony RX100 VII and Canon R sensors have been tested by DxO and the results show that EOS R has a better overall score of 89, 26 points higher compared to RX100 VII's score of 63.