Sony HX1 has a 9.0MP 1/2.4-inch (6.104 x 4.578 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Bionz processor. On the other hand, Fujifilm S1 has a 16.0MP 1/2.3-inch (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CMOS sensor .
Fujifilm S1's sensor provides 7MP more than Sony HX1's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the HX1 and S1 sensor size comparison.
Sony HX1 and Fujifilm S1 have almost the same sensor size so none of them has any significant advantage over other in providing control over depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture.