Ricoh GR III has a 24.0MP APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm ) sized CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Canon SD780 IS has a 12.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CCD sensor .
Ricoh GR III's sensor provides 12MP more than Canon SD780 IS's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Another difference between these two cameras is that Ricoh GR III's sensor lacks anti-alias (Low-Pass) filter. Removing anti-alias filter increases the sharpness and level of detail but at the same time, it increases the chance of moire occurring in certain scenes.
Below you can see the GR III and SD780 IS sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Ricoh GR III has a 13.1x Larger sensor area than Canon SD780 IS. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.