Panasonic LX10 has a 20.0MP 1" (13.2 x 8.8 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Panasonic LX100 has a 13.0MP Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Venus Engine processor.
Panasonic LX10's sensor provides 7MP more than Panasonic LX100's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the LX10 and LX100 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Panasonic LX100 has a 1.9x Larger sensor area than Panasonic LX10. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.
DxOMark Sensor Scores
DxOMark is a benchmark that scientifically assesses image quality of camera sensors. It scores camera sensors for color depth (DXO Portrait), dynamic range (DXO Landscape) and low-light sensitivity (DXO Sports), and also gives them an overall score. Panasonic LX10 and Panasonic LX100 sensors have been tested by DxO and the results show that LX100 has a better overall score of 67, 47 points higher compared to LX10's score of 20.