Olympus TG-3 has a 16.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features TruePic VII processor. On the other hand, Casio EX-100 has a 12.0MP 1/1.7" (7.44 x 5.58 mm ) sized CMOS sensor .
Below you can see the TG-3 and EX-100 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Casio EX-100 has a 1.5x Larger sensor area than Olympus TG-3. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.