Olympus SP-100 has a 16.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Casio EX-FH25 has a 10.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor .
Olympus SP-100's sensor provides 6MP more than Casio EX-FH25's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the SP-100 and EX-FH25 sensor size comparison.
Olympus SP-100 and Casio EX-FH25 have sensor sizes so they will provide same level of control over the depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture. On the other hand, since Casio EX-FH25 has 59% larger pixel area (2.81µm2 vs 1.76µm2) compared to Olympus SP-100, it has larger pixel area to collect light hence potential to have less noise in low light / High ISO images.