Nikon D4s has a 16.0MP Full frame (36 x 23.9 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Expeed 4 processor. On the other hand, Sony A7 III has a 24.0MP Full frame (35.8 x 23.8 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features Bionz X processor. Sony A7 III's sensor provides 8MP more than Nikon D4s's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the D4s and A7 III sensor size comparison.
Nikon D4s and Sony A7 III have almost the same sensor size so none of them has any significant advantage over other in providing control over depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture.