Both Fujifilm X-T20 and Panasonic S5 have 24.0 MP resolution sensors but Fujifilm X-T20's sensor is APS-C (23.6 x 15.6 mm ) and Panasonic S5's sensor is Full frame (35.6 x 23.8 mm ).
Since Panasonic S5's has a larger sensor area with the same resolution, this means that it also has a larger pixel area hence better light collecting capacity for a given aperture compared to Fujifilm X-T20.
Another similarity between these two cameras is that both Panasonic S5 and Fujifilm X-T20 sensors lack anti-alias (Low-Pass) filters. Removing anti-alias filter increases the sharpness and level of detail but at the same time, it increases the chance of moire occurring in certain scenes.
Below you can see the X-T20 and S5 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Panasonic S5 has a 2.3x Larger sensor area than Fujifilm X-T20. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.