Casio Pro EX-F1 has a 6.0MP 1/1.8" (7.144 x 5.358 mm ) sized CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Olympus 1s has a 12.0MP 1/1.7" (7.44 x 5.58 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor . Olympus 1s's sensor provides 6MP more than Casio Pro EX-F1's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the Pro EX-F1 and 1s sensor size comparison.
Casio Pro EX-F1 and Olympus 1s have almost the same sensor size so none of them has any significant advantage over other in providing control over depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture.