Both Canon 6D and Panasonic G9 have 20.0 MP resolution sensors but Canon 6D's sensor is Full frame (36 x 24 mm ) and Panasonic G9's sensor is Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm ).
Since Canon 6D's has a larger sensor area with the same resolution, this means that it also has a larger pixel area hence better light collecting capacity for a given aperture compared to Panasonic G9.
Another difference between these two cameras is that Panasonic G9's sensor lacks anti-alias (Low-Pass) filter. Removing anti-alias filter increases the sharpness and level of detail but at the same time, it increases the chance of moire occurring in certain scenes.
Below you can see the 6D and G9 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Canon 6D has a 3.8x Larger sensor area than Panasonic G9. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.