Sony A6000 has a 24.0MP APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Bionz X processor. On the other hand, Sony A33 has a 14.0MP APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Bionz processor. Sony A6000's sensor provides 10MP more than Sony A33's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the A6000 and A33 sensor size comparison.
Sony A6000 and Sony A33 have sensor sizes so they will provide same level of control over the depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture. On the other hand, since Sony A33 has 71% larger pixel area (26.13µm2 vs 15.28µm2) compared to Sony A6000, it has larger pixel area to collect light hence potential to have less noise in low light / High ISO images.