Sony A7S II has a 12.0MP Full frame (35.6 x 23.8 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Bionz X processor. On the other hand, Canon 5D Mark IV has a 30.0MP Full frame (36 x 24 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features Digic 6+ processor. Canon 5D Mark IV's sensor provides 18MP more than Sony A7S II's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the A7S II and 5D MIV sensor size comparison.
Sony A7S II and Canon 5D Mark IV have almost the same sensor size so none of them has any significant advantage over other in this area.