Both Pentax K-S2 and Panasonic GX8 have 20.0 MP resolution sensors but Pentax K-S2's sensor is APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm ) and Panasonic GX8's sensor is Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm ).
Since Pentax K-S2's has a larger sensor area with the same resolution, this means that it also has a larger pixel area hence better light collecting capacity for a given aperture compared to Panasonic GX8.
Another difference between these two cameras is that Pentax K-S2's sensor lacks anti-alias (Low-Pass) filter. Removing anti-alias filter increases the sharpness and level of detail but at the same time, it increases the chance of moire occurring in certain scenes.
Below you can see the K-S2 and GX8 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Pentax K-S2 has a 1.6x Larger sensor area than Panasonic GX8. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.