Olympus TG-5 has a 12.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features TruePic VIII processor. On the other hand, Fujifilm S5 Pro has a 6.0MP APS-C (23 x 15.5 mm ) sized CCD sensor . Olympus TG-5's sensor provides 6MP more than Fujifilm S5 Pro's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the TG-5 and S5 Pro sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Fujifilm S5 Pro has a 12.7x Larger sensor area than Olympus TG-5. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.