Olympus TG-5 has a 12.0MP 1/2.3 (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features TruePic VIII processor. On the other hand, Canon SX730 HS has a 21.0MP 1/2.3 (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor and features Digic 6 processor. Canon SX730 HS's sensor provides 9MP more than Olympus TG-5's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the TG-5 and SX730 HS sensor size comparison.
Olympus TG-5 and Canon SX730 HS sensors have exactly the same size so none of them has any advantage over other in this area.