Nikon P7800 has a 12.0MP 1/1.7" (7.44 x 5.58 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Kodak Astro Zoom AZ651 has a 21.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CMOS sensor . Kodak Astro Zoom AZ651's sensor provides 9MP more than Nikon P7800's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the P7800 and Astro Zoom AZ651 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Nikon P7800 has a 1.5x Larger sensor area than Kodak Astro Zoom AZ651. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.