Both Leica SL and Leica Q have Full frame sized 24.0 MP resolution sensors so sensor size and resolution is not a differentiator between these two cameras.
Another difference between these two cameras is that Leica SL's sensor lacks anti-alias (Low-Pass) filter. Removing anti-alias filter increases the sharpness and level of detail but at the same time, it increases the chance of moire occurring in certain scenes.
Below you can see the SL and Q Typ 116 sensor size comparison.
Leica SL and Leica Q sensors have exactly the same size so none of them has any advantage over other in this area.