Fujifilm XQ2 has a 12.0MP 2/3" (8.8 x 6.6 mm ) sized CMOS X-TRANS II sensor and features EXR Processor II processor. On the other hand, Fujifilm X-A2 has a 16.0MP APS-C (23.6 x 15.6 mm ) sized CMOS sensor and features EXR Processor II processor.
Below you can see the XQ2 and X-A2 sensor size comparison.
As seen above, Fujifilm X-A2 has a 6.3x Larger sensor area than Fujifilm XQ2. Larger sensors give photographer more control on the depth of field and blurry background compared to smaller sensor when shot in same focal length and aperture.