Fujifilm XP130 has a 16.0MP 1/2.3 (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized BSI-CMOS sensor . On the other hand, Fujifilm S8100fd has a 10.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CCD sensor . Fujifilm XP130's sensor provides 6MP more than Fujifilm S8100fd's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the XP130 and S8100fd sensor size comparison.
Fujifilm XP130 and Fujifilm S8100fd have sensor sizes so they will provide same level of control over the depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture. On the other hand, since Fujifilm S8100fd has 59% larger pixel area (2.81Âµm2 vs 1.76Âµm2) compared to Fujifilm XP130, it has larger pixel area to collect light hence potential to have less noise in low light / High ISO images.