Canon SX410 IS has a 20.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CCD sensor and features DIGIC 4+ processor. On the other hand, Fujifilm S8100fd has a 10.0MP 1/2.3" (6.17 x 4.55 mm ) sized CCD sensor . Canon SX410 IS's sensor provides 10MP more than Fujifilm S8100fd's sensor, which gives a significant advantage in real life. You can print your images larger or crop more freely.
On the other hand, please keep in mind that Max sensor resolution is not the only determinant of resolving power. Factors such as the optical elements, low pass filter, pixel size and sensor technology also affects the final resolution of the captured image.
Below you can see the SX410 IS and S8100fd sensor size comparison.
Canon SX410 IS and Fujifilm S8100fd have sensor sizes so they will provide same level of control over the depth of field when used with same focal length and aperture. On the other hand, since Fujifilm S8100fd has 99% larger pixel area (2.81µm2 vs 1.41µm2) compared to Canon SX410 IS, it has larger pixel area to collect light hence potential to have less noise in low light / High ISO images.